Quick Answer: What Is A Colon In English Grammar?

When to use a colon or a semicolon?

Semicolons should introduce evidence or a reason for the preceding statement; for example, this sentence appropriately uses a semicolon.

A colon, on the other hand, should be used for a stronger, more direct relationship.

It should provide emphasis, an example, or an explanation..

How do you use a colon in a list?

Use a colon to introduce an item or list, if the list comes after a complete sentence or independent clause. For example: There are three things every dog needs: food, water and healthcare.

Can you have two colons in a sentence?

Colons have a number of functions in a sentence. If you use colons in your writing, use them sparingly, and never use a colon more than once in any sentence. Rule 1: Colons can be used to introduce a list, BUT they must follow a complete sentence (independent clause).

Do you use a colon before a list?

Colons with Lists. Use a colon before a list when the list is preceded by a complete independent clause. Never use a colon to separate a preposition from its objects or a verb from its complements.

What are some examples of semicolons?

Examples of Semicolons: Joan likes eggs; Jennifer does not. The cat slept through the storm; the dog cowered under the bed. Semicolons are also used in a sentence when something stronger than a comma is needed.

When should a semicolon be used examples?

Use a semicolon before such words and terms as namely, however, therefore, that is, i.e., for example, e.g., for instance, etc., when they introduce a complete sentence. It is also preferable to use a comma after these words and terms. Example: Bring any two items; however, sleeping bags and tents are in short supply.

What does a semicolon mean?

In the context of grammar, a semicolon is used to combine two complete sentences that are related. … “A semicolon represents a sentence the author could’ve ended but chose not to,” reads the organization’s slogan often seen on their Instagram page. “The author is you and the sentence is your life.”

Do you put a colon after include?

Do not use a colon in a complete sentence after phrases such as “such as,” “including,” and “for example.” Because phrases like these already indicate to the reader that a list of examples will follow, there is no need to introduce them with a colon, which would merely be redundant.

What is Colon example?

A colon instead of a semicolon may be used between independent clauses when the second sentence explains, illustrates, paraphrases, or expands on the first sentence. Example: He got what he worked for: he really earned that promotion.

How do you use a colon?

Common uses of colonsTo announce, introduce, or direct attention to a list, a noun or noun phrase, a quotation, or an example/explanation. You can use a colon to draw attention to many things in your writing. … To join sentences. … To express time, in titles, and as part of other writing conventions.

Why use a colon in a sentence?

The colon is used to separate two independent clauses when the second explains or illustrates the first. In such usage, the colon functions in much the same way as the semicolon. … When two or more sentences follow a colon, capitalize the first word following the colon.

How do you use semicolons in a list?

Use a semicolon between items in a list or series if any of the items contain commas. There are basically two ways to write: with a pen or pencil, which is inexpensive and easily accessible; or by computer and printer, which is more expensive but quick and neat.

Can you use a colon and semicolon in the same sentence?

Colons and semicolons can be used in the same sentence, but they are each used for different purposes. … In this example, the colon is used to introduce the cities.

How do you use a colon in a sentence?

Colons in SentencesThere are two choices at this time: run away or fight.We knew who would win the game: the Eagles.He wanted to see three cities in Italy: Rome, Florence, and Venice.Here are three states that begin with M: Michigan, Mississippi, and Maine.More items…

How do you start a list?

Format for ListsUse a colon to introduce the list items only if a complete sentence precedes the list. … Use both opening and closing parentheses on the list item numbers or letters: (a) item, (b) item, etc.Use either regular Arabic numbers or lowercase letters within the parentheses, but use them consistently.More items…

When can I use a colon?

When to Use A Colon Within a Sentence or ParagraphThe hard and fast rule is that a colon must ALWAYS follow a complete sentence. … A colon is used after a full sentence or independent clause to introduce something that illustrates, clarifies, or amplifies what was said in the sentence that preceded the colon.More items…•