What Does Aristotle Argue Is The End Goal Of All Human Behaviour?

What is the end or function of human beings according to Aristotle?

In Nicomachean Ethics 1.7, Aristotle claims that to discover the human good we must identify the function of a human being.

He argues that the human function is rational activity.

Our good is therefore rational activity performed well, which Aristotle takes to mean in accordance with virtue..

What is Aristotle’s end goal for virtuous action?

Aristotle replies: “Virtue makes the goal right, practical wisdom the things leading to it” (1144a7–8). By this he cannot mean that there is no room for reasoning about our ultimate end.

What is human person for Aristotle?

According to Aristotle, human beings have a natural desire and capacity to know and understand the truth, to pursue moral excellence, and to instantiate their ideals in the world through action. Aristotle espouses the existence of external objective reality.

What are two qualities of happiness according to Aristotle?

The Pursuit of Happiness as the Exercise of Virtue. According to Aristotle, happiness consists in achieving, through the course of a whole lifetime, all the goods — health, wealth, knowledge, friends, etc. — that lead to the perfection of human nature and to the enrichment of human life.

What does Aristotle mean by ends?

On Aristotle’s view, all creatures, things, and activities have a final end, goal, or purpose, and each thing aims at some good. … For human beings in general, Aristotle suggests that the ultimate end or good is happiness, and that happiness itself is living in accordance with reason and virtue.

What is Aristotle’s moral theory?

Aristotle. The moral theory of Aristotle, like that of Plato, focuses on virtue, recommending the virtuous way of life by its relation to happiness. … Aristotle opens the first book of the Nicomachean Ethics by positing some one supreme good as the aim of human actions, investigations, and crafts (1094a).

What are Aristotle’s virtues?

What are Aristotle’s virtues?Courage: The midpoint between cowardice and recklessness. … Temperance: The virtue between overindulgence and insensitivity. … Liberality: The virtue of charity, this is the golden mean between miserliness and giving more than you can afford.Magnificence: The virtue of living extravagantly.More items…•

What is the purpose of life Aristotle?

Aristotle is quoted as saying: “Happiness is the meaning and purpose of life, the whole aim and end of human existence.”

How can an action of man be considered a virtuous act according to Aristotle?

More explicitly, an action counts as virtuous, according to Aristotle, when one holds oneself in a stable equilibrium of the soul, in order to choose the action knowingly and for its own sake. This stable equilibrium of the soul is what constitutes character.

Why does Aristotle argue that all actions aim at some good?

According to Aristotle, pleasure is not the aim of every human action, because not every pleasure is good. … The pleasure which is found in some forms of activity may be good, and the pleasure which is found in other forms of activity may be bad. Pain may similarly be good or bad.

What is the human good according to Aristotle?

For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

What is a human person according to Plato?

Plato’s Philosophy of the Human Person: According to Plato, man is body and soul. However, body and soul are separate entities whereby the soul is man’s most valuable possession. Man’s chief concern must therefore be the good of the soul. Plato’s psychology is dualistic. The soul is the initiator of motion.

What is a human been?

Human being, a culture-bearing primate classified in the genus Homo, especially the species H. sapiens. Human beings are anatomically similar and related to the great apes but are distinguished by a more highly developed brain and a resultant capacity for articulate speech and abstract reasoning.

What is the highest form of happiness according to Aristotle?

Aristotle concludes the Ethics with a discussion of the highest form of happiness: a life of intellectual contemplation. Since reason is what separates humanity from animals, its exercise leads man to the highest virtue.

What are the main points of Aristotle’s ethics?

In order for one to be virtuous they must display prudence, temperance, courage, and justice; moreover, they have to display all four of them and not just one or two to be virtuous.

What is Aristotle’s concept of the golden mean?

Moral behavior is the mean between two extremes – at one end is excess, at the other deficiency. Find a moderate position between those two extremes, and you will be acting morally.

What are Aristotle’s 12 virtues?

Aristotle’s 12 virtues: Courage – bravery. Temperance – moderation. Liberality – spending. Magnificence – charisma, style. Magnanimity – generosity. Ambition – pride. Patience – temper, calm. Friendliness – social IQ.More items…•