Who Was Governor General During 1857?

Which viceroy was killed in India?

Lord MayoSher Ali was given life imprisonment at the penal settlement in Andaman Islands, when he stabbed and killed Lord Mayo, during the British Viceroy’s official visit to Port Blair on 8th February 1872..

Who was last viceroy?

Louis Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten of Burma became governor-general and oversaw the transition of British India to independence. Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (1878-1972) became the only Indian and last governor-general after independence.

Which country has the largest postal network in the world?

India has the largest postal service in the world – and now it is stepping in to help deliver lifesaving medicines during a countrywide lockdown aimed at tackling the coronavirus pandemic. … Red postal vans are a familiar sight in India. … The postal service does much more than deliver letters and packages.More items…•

Who was the first postman?

President George Washington appointed Samuel Osgood, a former Massachusetts congressman, as the first postmaster general of the American nation under the new U.S. constitution in 1789. At the time, there were approximately 75 post offices in the country.

Why was Warren Hastings the first governor general of India tried after he returned to England?

The impeachment of Warren Hastings was a failed attempt between 1788 and 1795 to impeach the first Governor-General of Bengal in the Parliament of Great Britain. Hastings was accused of misconduct during his time in Calcutta particularly relating to mismanagement and personal corruption.

Who was the 1st Governor of Bengal?

Robert Clive (1765-1767) was the first governor of Bengal, and established dual government in Bengal from 1765 to 1772.

Who was the second last Viceroy of India?

Lord MountbattenList of Viceroy of India:ViceroyPeriodLord Willingdon1931-1936Lord Linlithgow1936-1944Lord Wavell1944-1947Lord MountbattenMarch 1947- August 194713 more rows•Sep 11, 2019

Who was the Governor General only not the viceroy?

Governor-General of IndiaViceroy and Governor-General of IndiaFormation20 October 1773First holderWarren HastingsFinal holderLord Mountbatten (February 1947-August 1947 as Viceroy of India) Chakravarthi Rajagopalachari (1948-1950 as Governor-general of Dominion of India)Abolished26 January 19507 more rows

Who was the first viceroy after 1857?

Lord CanningAfter the mutiny of 1857 the British parliament passed an act that ended to the rule of the East India company in India. It means the control of Indian rule was transferred to the British Crown. In this development Lord Canning was made the first Viceroy of India.

What are the 3 roles of the Governor General?

The Role and Responsibilities of the Governor GeneralSummoning, proroguing and dissolving Parliament.Setting out the government’s program by reading the Speech from the Throne.Giving Royal Assent, which makes acts of Parliament into law.

Who is the British Governor General?

List of Governors-GeneralName (Birth–Death)Term of officeAppointerWarren Hastings (1732–1818)20 October 1773East India Company (1773–1858)John Macpherson (acting) (1745–1821)8 February 1785Charles Cornwallis The Marquess Cornwallis (1738–1805)12 September 1786John Shore (1751–1834)28 October 179343 more rows

What does Viceroy mean?

1 : the governor of a country or province who rules as the representative of a king or sovereign. 2 or viceroy butterfly : a showy North American nymphalid butterfly (Limenitis archippus) closely mimicking the monarch in coloration but smaller.

Who is the last governor of British East India Company?

Lord CanningNotes: Lord Canning was the last Governor-General of East India Company and became the first Viceroy of India under Crown rule after the Queen Victoria\’s proclamation (also called Magna Carta of India ) in 1858.

Who is the first governor general of India?

Warren HastingsWarren Hastings, (born December 6, 1732, Churchill, near Daylesford, Oxfordshire, England—died August 22, 1818, Daylesford), the first and most famous of the British governors-general of India, who dominated Indian affairs from 1772 to 1785 and was impeached (though acquitted) on his return to England.

Who was the best Viceroy of India?

Top 15 British Viceroys of IndiaViceroy # 1. Lord Canning as First Viceroy, (1858-62):Viceroy # 2. Lord Elgin (1862-63):Viceroy # 3. Sir John Lawrence, (1864-69):Viceroy # 4. Lord Mayo, (1869-72):Viceroy # 5. Lord Northbrook, (1872-76):Viceroy # 6. Lord Lytton, (1876-80):Viceroy # 7. Lord Ripon (1880-84):Viceroy # 8. Lord Dufferin, (1884-88):More items…

Who is called Governor?

A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state. In federations, governor may be the title of a politician who governs a constituent state and may be either appointed or elected.

Who is the first woman governor of West Bengal?

GovernorsS. No.NameState1Sarojini NaiduUttar Pradesh2Padmaja NaiduWest Bengal3Vijayalakshmi PanditMaharashtra4Sharda MukherjeeAndhra Pradesh27 more rows

Which Viceroy has longest tenure in India?

Lord LinlithgowSolution(By Examveda Team) Governor General and Viceroy of India (1936-1944) Lord Linlithgow was Viceroy of India from 1936 to 1944 and this eight years period was longest reign as Viceroy of India.

Who is the first viceroy of independent India?

New Delhi: Chakravarti Rajagopalachari, popularly known as Rajaji, was independent India’s first Indian Governor General. He was also the last one.

Which Governor General opened post to public in 1764?

Warren HastingsIndia Posts The East India Company had established post offices in Bombay, Madras and Calcutta between 1764 and 1766. In 1774, Warren Hastings, then Governor General of British India opened the posts to the public. Prior to this the main purpose of the system was to serve the commercial interest of the company.

What is difference between Governor and Governor General?

Usually, the two terms are used interchangeably despite being subtly different in nature and function….Difference Between Governor-General and Viceroy.Governor-GeneralViceroyTime Periods: 1833 – 1858Time Periods: 1858 – 1948William Bentinck was the first Governor-GeneralLord Canning was the first Viceroy5 more rows